Argentina is a national republic governed by a president and a National Congress. It is located in the southern part of South America, bordering Chile, Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay. Argentina is the fifth largest country in the world and the second largest country in South America after Brazil. The country's main currency is the Argentine peso. The capital of Argentina is Buenos Aires. The official language is Spanish, but dialects of other languages such as guarani, mapudungun and qom can also be found in the regions. Learn about the country's history in addition to interesting printable coloring pages with Argentina.
History and trivia - Argentina
Argentina's history dates back to pre-Columbian times, when the region was inhabited by the Mapuche and Guarani Indian peoples. In 1516, Spanish explorers reached the region and settled here, creating a colony of Spain. In 1816, as a result of the War of Independence, Argentina gained independence and became one of the countries of South America. Since then, the country has undergone major political and economic changes. In the 20th century, the country experienced major economic growth and significant political changes.
1. Buenos Aires Metropolitan Cathedral - is an imposing neoclassical building located in Buenos Aires' Plaza de la Love, was built between 1816 and 1836 on the site of a previous church.
2. Plaza de Mayo - is an old outpost in the heart of Buenos Aires, was the scene of women's protests in the 1970s. It is also the site of various political and religious gatherings.
3. La Recoleta Cemetery - this is a famous cemetery in Buenos Aires, where you can find the graves of many famous Argentines.
4. Teatro Colón - is a luxury opera theater in Buenos Aires, built in 1908.
5. Usina del Arte is a modern cultural complex where Buenos Aires residents can entertain themselves with art and gather for exhibitions and performances.
6. The Malvinas Argentinas (Falklands War) Memorial - This memorial is located in the capital at the site where a military train was bombed in 1982 during the Falklands War.
7. Cementerio de la Chacarita - this is the second largest cemetery in Buenos Aires, where the bodies of many famous people rest.
8. Palacio San Miguel - is a luxurious palace in the center of Buenos Aires, was once the residence of the Argentine Wortman family.
9. Casa Rosada (The Pink House) - this is a famous symbol of Argentina, where speeches and important news are presented.
10. Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de Pilar - This is an ancient church in Buenos Aires that was built in 1611.